What type of hard drive do I have ?

What type of hard drive do I have?

You’ll need to replace the hard drive in your PC for one of two reasons – either your current drive has experienced a hardware failure and needs replaced or you want to upgrade your primary hard drive for increased speed or capacity.

if you are Upgrading your Hard drive (INSTRUCTIONS)

Go to start menu , go to computer , right click over your Hard drive (the one you want to upgrade) click properties then go to Hardware tab, there you’ll see the model and who made it, then you can check over the internet which kind of Hard Drive do you have which could be:

solid state



(SATA is same as Serial ATA)

If you are replacing your hard drive ( instructions)

You’ll need to open your PC and look at the cable that connects it to the motherboard.

If its a wide flat cable about 2 inches wide, its IDE or PATA

if its a skinny cable about as wide as your pinky with a flat black connector, its SATA or solid sate ( view pictures below to tell the difference between SATA and solid state )

what is solid-state drive ?

A solid-state drive (SSD) (also known as a solid-state disk  or electronic disk, though it contains no actual “disk” of any kind, nor motors to “drive” the disks) is a data storage device using integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data persistently. SSD technology uses electronic interfaces compatible with traditional block input/output (I/O) hard disk drives, thus permitting simple replacement in common applications. Also, new I/O interfaces like SATA Express are created to keep up with speed advancements in SSD technology.

SSDs have no moving mechanical components. This distinguishes them from traditional electromechanical magnetic disks such as hard disk drives (HDDs) or floppy disks, which contain spinning disks and movable read/write heads. Compared with electromechanical disks, SSDs are typically more resistant to physical shock, run more quietly, have lower access time, and less latency. However, while the price of SSDs has continued to decline in 2012, SSDs are still about 2 to 3 times more expensive per unit of storage than HDDs.

As of 2013, most SSDs use NAND-based flash memory, which retains data without power. For applications requiring fast access, but not necessarily data persistence after power loss, SSDs may be constructed from random-access memory (RAM). Such devices may employ separate power sources, such as batteries, to maintain data after power loss.

Hybrid drives or solid state hybrid drives (SSHD) combine the features of SSDs and HDDs in the same unit, containing a large hard disk drive and an SSD cache to improve performance of frequently accessed data. These devices may offer near-SSD performance for many applications.

SSD ( solid state drive )

SSD ( solid state drive )

 ( 7 pin connector ) used for both solid state drive and SATA drive

( 7 pin connector ) used for both solid state drive and SATA drive

what is SATA ?

Serial ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment) (SATA) is a computer bus interface that connects host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives and optical drives. Serial ATA[2] replaces the older AT Attachment standard (ATA later referred to as Parallel ATA or PATA), offering several advantages over the older interface: reduced cable size and cost (seven conductors instead of 40), native hot swapping, faster data transfer through higher signaling rates, and more efficient transfer through an (optional) I/O queuing protocol.

SATA host adapters and devices communicate via a high-speed serial cable over two pairs of conductors. In contrast, parallel ATA (the redesignation for the legacy ATA specifications) used a 16-bit wide data bus with many additional support and control signals, all operating at much lower frequency. To ensure backward compatibility with legacy ATA software and applications, SATA uses the same basic ATA and ATAPI command-set as legacy ATA devices.

SATA hard drive

SATA hard drive

 ( 7 pin connector ) used for both solid state drive and SATA drive

( 7 pin connector ) used for both solid state drive and SATA drive

what is PATA ?

Parallel ATA (PATA), originally AT Attachment, is an interface standard for the connection of storage devices such as hard disks, floppy drives, and optical disc drives in computers. The standard is maintained by X3/INCITS committee. It uses the underlying AT Attachment (ATA) and AT Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) standards.

The Parallel ATA standard is the result of a long history of incremental technical development, which began with the original AT Attachment interface, developed for use in early PC AT equipment. The ATA interface itself evolved in several stages from Western Digital‘s original Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) interface. As a result, many near-synonyms for ATA/ATAPI and its previous incarnations are still in common informal use. After the introduction of Serial ATA in 2003, the original ATA was renamed Parallel ATA, PATA for short.

Parallel ATA cables have a maximum allowable length of only 18 in (457 mm). Because of this limit, the technology normally appears as an internal computer storage interface. For many years ATA provided the most common and the least expensive interface for this application. It has largely been replaced by Serial ATA (SATA) in newer systems.

IDE , PATA, ATA either uses a 40 pin or 80 pin connector

either uses a 40 pin or 80 pin connector

IDE, PATA , ATA connector

IDE, PATA , ATA connector


How to Upgrade RAM

RAM (Random Access Memory) is the equivalent of horsepower for your computer. The more RAM you have, the faster your computer will be. The reason for this is that you computer needs a temporary storage space for computer programs to work. If it can’t find this space in the RAM, then it will have to use the computer’s hard drive that is much slower. That’s why more RAM makes your computer faster.


It is recommended that you change ram if you are upgrading your laptop or PC’s hardware. In most cases, desktop ram or even most laptop ram is pretty inexpensive and it will have noticeable benefits on your computer once it is installed.

If you need help finding out the specifics on size of ram that your desktop or laptop, you can use the crucial memory scanner for free provided by crucial.com

click the scan my computer button , and all your specifications for you laptop or desktop will be listed.


Here is how to change ram for both desktops and laptops:

Ram Desktop

Replacing the RAM on a desktop computer is easier than a laptop for beginners. Desktops are much larger and therefore more forgiving when it comes to mistakes. To start this process, begin by backing up all of your data prior to starting this! I mean it! A mistake here can prove to be very costly because your computer’s operating system might not like the fact that the computer’s hardware has changed. This has become less of an issue than it was in the 1990s but it can still pose a problem. Be safe and not sorry.

Now shutdown your computer and unplug it from everything. Take the computer case over to a table that has bright light, preferably on tile flooring to minimize static electricity. Open up the computer case and locate the “Motherboard”. This will be noticeable because it will be the single largest computer chip in the computer and everything will be plugged into it.


Open up the box for the new RAM chips. Take a moment and study them to understand what RAM chips look like. Then go into your computer and find chips that look similar. Gently pull the chips from the motherboard. If they don’t come out, you may need to look for screws or clips that lock them in place. Remove the old RAM chips and install the new one. Put everything back together and reboot the computer. If everything is normal, your computer will start and run normally.


Ram Laptop

Laptops are similar to desktops only smaller. Like a desktop you will want to backup your data on a laptop prior to beginning. Since every laptop will vary, I will have to be general here. The guide that came with your laptop will contain specific instructions for upgrading the RAM for your particular laptop.

300px-Upgrade-Your-Laptop-'s-RAM-Memory-9-1          crucial_laptop_module_install_spreading_retaining_clips

Basically, most laptops will make the RAM accessible. Power off the laptop and remove the battery. Turn it upside down. You will notice little access panels that are usually held in by four screws. On most laptops one of those panels will be the hard drive and the other will be the RAM chip. Find the RAM chips, undo the clips that hold them in place and install the new ones. Then boot the computer normally.

Upgrade-Laptop-RAM    300px-Upgrade-Your-Laptop-'s-RAM-Memory-8-1

“simple pc  knowledge to save you money”